These weren’t just the idle musings of a tree hugger. Being concerned for the environment has been part of the Olympic movement for two decades so it’s not unrealistic to expect sponsors to act and talk green.
Sustainability Through Sports – IOC Commitment
The International Olympic Committee (IOC) has close ties with the United Nations and was influenced by the 1992 UN Conference on Environment and Development held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Two years later, in 1994, the IOC officially recognized the importance of the environment and sustainable development by making the environment the third pillar of Olympism (sport and culture are the other two) and adding two items to the IOC Olympic Charter mission statement:
“to encourage and support a responsible concern for environmental issues, to promote sustainable development in sport and to require that the Olympic Games are held accordingly;
to promote a positive legacy from the Olympic Games to the host cities and host countries;”
— IOC Olympic Charter, Chapter 1, Rule 2, Paragraph 13 and 14
Show Me the Money – IOC Marketing Program
It’s likely the Olympics would not be possible without corporate sponsors, especially those with deep pockets and marketing prowess. Olympic sponsorship has its roots in 1896 when companies contributed revenue from advertising during the first Olympics in Athens, Greece.
Today IOC revenue comes from a number of sources that fall into four categories:
- Broadcast – 47%
- Sponsorship – 45%
- Ticketing – 5%
- Licensing – 3%
During the last Olympic quadrennium from 2009-2012, the IOC marketing program generated revenue of $8,046,000,000.1
90% of IOC revenue is distributed throughout the Olympic Movement to the following organizations:
- Organizing Committees – assist host cities in staging Olympic Games.
- National Olympic Committees – support training and development of Olympic athletes and teams.
- International Sports Federations – oversee and promote specific sports.
- Other Organizations – support the Paralympic Games and World Anti-Doping Agency.
The Olympic Partner (TOP) Program
In 1985, the IOC created The Olympic Partner (TOP) worldwide sponsorship program and introduced the exclusive product and service supplier model. The TOP program raked in $950,000,000 for the London / Vancouver Games 1 which means each of the 11 TOP sponsors ponied up somewhere in the neighborhood of $86,000,000.
In addition to cold hard cash, sponsors supply products and services within their exclusive categories. This includes technical expertise in IT systems, timekeeping, and broadcasting, cutting-edge products and equipment for building Olympic infrastructure and venues, and worldwide brand recognition and popularity.
TOP Sponsors for the 2013-2016 quadrennium (Sochi / Rio de Janeiro) are listed below with their exclusive product/service category.
- Atos – Information Technology
- Coca-Cola – Non-alcoholic Beverages
- Dow – Official Chemistry Company & 2014 Sochi Official Carbon Partner
- GE – Select Energy, Infrastructure, Healthcare, Materials, and Transport Products and Services
- McDonald’s – Retail Food Services
- Omega – Timing, Scoring and Venue Results Services
- Panasonic – Audio / TV / Video Equipment
- P&G – Personal Care and Household Products
- Samsung – Wireless Communications Equipment
- Visa – Consumer Payment Systems
Sponsor Sustainability Messaging – The Winner Is…
During the 2010 Vancouver Winter Olympic Games, 1.8 billion people watched events on TV 2, 78 million visited Vancouver2010.com 3, and the Vancouver Olympics Facebook page garnered 1.1 million fans 3.
The number of fans watching the Olympics on TV and surfing the web dwarf those attending the Games in person so clearly sustainability messages will reach the largest audience on TV or online.
I conducted an informal evaluation of TOP sponsor sustainability messaging by visiting the Sochi Olympics and IOC websites, checking out sponsor’s websites and Facebook pages, and watching a lot of TV commercials.
All in all the results were disappointing. Dow was the only TOP sponsor promoting sustainability via their corporate website and Facebook page.
Dow – Official Carbon Partner
Selected by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee to be the Official Carbon Partner of this year’s Games, Dow committed to mitigating the direct carbon emissions of hosting and delivering the Games and travel for all athletes, media personnel, and spectators.
Dow recently announced that over 520,000 metric tons (MT) of CO2 equivalents have been mitigated through the “Sustainable Future” program. 4 The short video below gives an overview of the program.
Efforts to reduce direct carbon emissions include home weatherization, sustainable agriculture, and improving structural integrity through carbon fiber materials. These projects provide long-term tangible solutions for Russian people and businesses.
Carbon offsets purchased to mitigate travel support renewable energy, energy efficiency, and conservation projects in Russia and future Olympic host countries Brazil and South Korea.
So far, I haven’t seen a Dow TV ad, but then Dow is more of a business-to-business company so perhaps they didn’t want to spend money on consumer TV ads. Still, it would have been great to see a Dow commercial showing results from their carbon emissions mitigation program like a snug, newly weatherized Russian home or a tiger roaming in a protected forest.
TOP Sponsors Miss the Green Boat
The Olympics offer an unparalleled opportunity for sponsors to not only promote their own brands and the Olympic spirit but to spotlight the importance of protecting the environment to a worldwide audience. It’s disappointing to see how little interest TOP sponsors took in promoting the third pillar of Olympism, the environment.
What can we do? Use our voices and our wallets. Let’s tell the IOC and Olympic sponsors we expect them to protect the environment and promote sustainability. Let’s buy products and services from companies that walk the talk.
- 2012 London Olympics – Lasting Legacy
- 2012 London Olympics Sustainability – Feeding the Masses
- 2012 London Olympics Sustainability – Recycling and Composting
- 2014 Sochi Olympics – Green Building
- IOC – Olympic Marketing Fact File, 2014 Edition
- IOC – Vancouver Facts & Figures, February 2011
- CNW – The Vancouver 2010 Olympic Winter Games: By the numbers, February 28, 2010 (line inactive as of 01/2019)
- Dow – Sochi 2014’s Direct Carbon Footprint Mitigated before Opening Ceremony, February 04, 2014 (link inactive as of 02/2018)
- Dow – Carbon Partnership
- Dow – Dow Drives Energy Efficiency For Industry And Households In Russia To Help Sochi 2014 Deliver Games With Minimal Impact On Climate, June 27, 2013 (link inactive as of 02/2018)
- Olympic.org – IOC Marketing: Media Guide, Sochi 2014
- Olympic.org – IOC Revenue Sources and Distribution
- Olympic.org – The Olympic Partner (TOP) Programme
- Sochi 2014 Olympics
- TriplePundit – How the Sochi Olympic Winter Games Went Carbon Neutral, by Dr. Nicoletta Piccolrovazzi, February 10, 2014