Arbor Day 2013 – Plant a Tree

People Planting Trees in Cowichan Bay, BC, CanadaOn Arbor Day, April 26, 2013, channel your inner Lorax by planting a tree. Celebrate National Park Week by taking part in a National Park tree planting activity.

“The best time to plant a tree was 20 years ago. The next best time is now.” —Chinese Proverb

Arbor Day History

In 1854, Julius Sterling Morton moved from Detroit, Michigan to stake a claim in the Nebraska Territory, and became the editor of the Nebraska City News. He served as Secretary of the Nebraska Territory, on the Nebraska State Board of Agriculture, and as the 3rd U.S. Secretary of Agriculture.

Beautiful, Big Chestnut TreeMr. Morton advocated planting trees for their beauty and practical value as windbreaks, fuel, building materials, and shade. At a Nebraska State Board of Agriculture meeting, he proposed a tree-planting holiday called “Arbor Day” with prizes offered to individuals and counties for planting the most trees. The idea was approved and the first Arbor Day was held on April 10, 1872. Nearly a million trees were planted that day.

Arbor Day spread from Nebraska to other states and countries. The last Friday in April is a common day to observe Arbor Day, however, dates vary by region to coincide with the best tree-planting weather.

Arbor Day Foundation

Arbor Day Foundation LogoThe nonprofit Arbor Day Foundation was founded in 1972 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Arbor Day and carry on its tree-planting mission.

“We inspire people to plant, nurture, and celebrate trees”

Since its inception over 40 years ago, the Arbor Foundation has grown and expanded.

Tree City USA

The Arbor Day Foundation promotes planting and caring for trees in towns and cities through its Tree City USA program.

Nature Explore

Nature Explore is a collaborative effort with Dimensions Educational Research Foundation to connect kids with nature.

Arbor Day Farm

The 260-acre Arbor Day Farm is home to the Tree Adventure® education and entertainment park, Apple House Market, and Lied Lodge and Conference Center.

Other Programs

Other Arbor Day Foundation programs include Tree Line USA, Tree Campus USA, Rain Forest Rescue, Arbor Day Awards, Disaster Recovery Campaigns, and a volunteer portal.

Visitors to the Arbor Day Foundation website can learn about programs and corporate sponsors, shop for trees, shade grown coffee, apparel, publications, and videos, sign up for membership, or make a donation.

United States National Tree – The Oak Tree

Vote for America’s National Tree

In 2001, the Arbor Day Foundation hosted an online poll asking people to vote for one of 21 candidate trees to become America’s national tree. The oak tree was the winner, followed by the redwood, dogwood, maple, and pine.

United States National Tree Legislation

In 2003, Virginia Congressman, Bob Goodlatte, introduced Bill H.R. 1775 to designate the oak tree as the national tree of the United States. The legislation was passed by Congress in 2004.

The United States Code – National Tree

The United States Code contains the general and permanent laws of the United States and is published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel of the U.S. House of Representatives. The U.S. Government Printing Office maintains digital copies that may be viewed by the public.

Bicentennial Oak Tree in Bob Woodruff Park Plano, TexasThe National Tree, the Oak is now part of the United States Code:

  • Title 36 – Patriotic and National Observances, Ceremonies, and Organizations
  • Subtitle I – Patriotic and National Observances and Ceremonies
  • Part A – Observances and Ceremonies
  • Chapter 3 – National Anthem, Motto, Floral Emblem, March, and Tree
  • Sec. 305 – National Tree
  • The tree genus Quercus, commonly known as the oak tree, is the national tree.

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National Park History and Legislation

While reading about National Park Week, I was drawn into National Park history and legislation.

Grand Canyon National Park, ArizonaHistorian Wallace Stegner called national parks,

“…the best idea we ever had. Absolutely American, absolutely democratic, they reflect us at our best rather than our worst.”

I agree.

Below are a few milestones that mark the 150-year span of national park history and legislation.

Yosemite Valley and Mariposa Big Tree Grove Grant Act of 1864

In 1864, President Abraham Lincoln signed legislation that granted Yosemite Valley and the Mariposa Big Tree Grove of giant sequoias to California for conservation and public enjoyment. Yosemite became a national park in 1890.

Mountain Goats on Sepulcher Mountain in Yellowstone National Park, WyomingYellowstone Park Act of Dedication 1872

In 1872, Yellowstone became the first national park when President Ulysses S. Grant signed The Act of Dedication “to set apart a certain tract of land lying near the headwaters of the Yellowstone River as a public park”. The park was placed under the control of the Department of the Interior.

Antiquities Act of 1906

The Antiquities Act of 1906, signed into law by President Theodore Roosevelt, provided legal protection for archaeological sites and artifacts on public land. It also authorized the President to protect landmarks, structures, and objects of historic or scientific interest by designating them as National Monuments.

National Park Service Organic Act of 1916

On August 25, 1916, President Woodrow Wilson signed into law the National Park Service Organic Act which created the National Park Service, a bureau of the Department of the Interior, to manage all sites in the National Park System and protect them from competing interests.

National Park Reorganization of 1933

In 1933, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Orders 6166 and 6228 making the National Park Service the sole agency responsible for federal parks, monuments, and memorials. The National Park System was substantially enlarged with the transfer of military sites, historical areas, natural areas, and the National Capital Parks.

Preservation of Historic Sites Act of 1935

The Preservation of Historic Sites Act of 1935, signed by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, provided additional legal support to the National Park Service for preserving historic sites, buildings, and objects.

Standing Ovation at Denali National Park, AlaskaWilderness Act of 1964

President Lyndon Johnson signed the Wilderness Act of 1964 into law which established the National Wilderness Preservation System composed of lands that are designated as wilderness areas and protected from development.

National Park Foundation Congressional Charter 1967

In 1967, the National Park Foundation was created by a congressional charter as a charitable organization to encourage private gifts and donations and support the National Park Service.

Wild and Scenic Rivers Act and National Trails System Act of 1968

In 1968, President Lyndon Johnson, signed two acts into law which expanded the diversity of the National Park System. The Wild and Scenic Rivers Act provided protection for and preservation of selected rivers and surrounding land. The National Trails System Act provided for the establishment of recreation trails accessible to urban areas and scenic trails such as the Appalachian Trail.

Volunteers in the Parks Act of 1969

The Volunteers in the Parks Act of 1969, signed into law by President Richard Nixon, authorized the establishment of a Volunteers-In-Parks (VIP) program to aid the National Park Service.

National Park Presidential Executive Orders and Proclamations

Mount Rushmore National Memorial, South DakotaMany national parks, monuments, and other sites, as well as National Park Service structure and policy, have been created via Presidential Executive Orders and Proclamations. These documents can make interesting reading and one may learn bits of history along the way.

Environmental Legislation

Environmental legislation has made substantial contributions to protecting and preserving our National Park System. The EPA Laws and Executive Orders web page provide summaries of environmental laws and executive orders.

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