The 4th of July evokes thoughts of American flags, hot dogs, and backyard fireworks. Lately, I’ve been wondering what impact fireworks have on the environment and how our family tradition contributed.
The Chemistry of Fireworks video below explains the inner workings of fireworks. Viewers will learn long chemical names, what an oxidizer is, how aerial shells work and see examples of how several chemicals create color when lit on fire.
4th of July Fireworks at Our House
Humans seem to have a fascination with fire and blowing stuff up. Our family is no different.
Fireworks were prohibited where we lived when the kids were young. Every 4th of July, we took the day off from being law abiding citizens and set off fireworks in our backyard. We were careful and took precautions. Everyone had to wear shoes and eyeglasses or safety goggles. We put fireworks that shot stuff into the air in the middle of the grass away from any trees and staged a bucket of water and hose nearby. Thankfully, no one was injured, there were no fires, and we were never arrested.
The fireworks we enjoyed the most were interactive, like sparklers and hand-held fountains, or small items you lit and threw on the ground that emitted smoke, spun around, or made noise.
When smoke and fumes from burning fireworks stunk and clouded the air we moved around the yard to try to escape them and carried on with our activities. It didn’t occur to me back then that we were breathing in toxins and contributing pollution to the atmosphere.
When we moved to our current home, in a forest, the risk of fire was too great, so that put an end to our backyard fireworks activities.
Fireworks Facts and Trivia
Surfing the web turned up some interesting fireworks facts and trivia. Fireworks are big business.
- Since 1998, U.S. fireworks revenue has more than doubled, from $425,000,000 to $965,000,000 in 2012.
- 4 states prohibit the sale and use of consumer fireworks: Delaware, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York.
- The 100th anniversary of the Statue of Liberty was celebrated by blowing up 22,000 aerial fireworks and 18,000 ground pieces.
- The Walt Disney Company is the largest fireworks user in the U.S.
- Of the 207,500,000 pounds of fireworks exploded in the U.S. in 2012, 89% were consumer fireworks, which represented 66% of the revenue.
Fireworks Injuries and Fires
A 2013 National Fire Protection Association Fireworks Report provides 2011 statistics for fireworks-related injuries and fires.
- 9,600 people were treated for injuries in U.S. hospital emergency rooms.
- 26% of injuries were to kids under age 15.
- Sparklers caused the most injuries at 24%.
- An estimated 17,800 reported fires were started by fireworks.
To put the figures in perspective, there were almost 38 million injury-related visits to hospital emergency rooms in 2010, and U.S. fire departments responded to an estimated 1,389,500 fires in 2011. Although the risk of injury or fire is relatively small in the scheme of things, people should still take care when using fireworks.
Fireworks Food for Thought
Sir Isaac Newton’s famous phrase, “what goes up must come down,” seems pertinent to fireworks.
Although fireworks seem to disappear, their combustion produces greenhouse gases and particulate matter. Imagine the pollution produced by exploding 207,500,000 pounds of fireworks, that’s just for one year, and only in the U.S. Compared to power plants, cars, and cows, the pollution generated by fireworks is probably relatively small, but small things add up, especially over time.
4th of July fireworks have been a tradition since the founding of our nation. The statistics above show that consumer fireworks used at family picnics and backyard barbecues far outweigh public displays.
We are no longer the country of “…And the rockets’ red glare, the bombs bursting in air…” There must be a more peaceful and environmentally friendly way of celebrating the 4th of July that does not involve blowing up stuff, frightening millions of animals and small children, or shooting toxins into the atmosphere.
- 4th of July – Be a Green Citizen
- 4th of July – Life, Liberty and the Pursuit of Happiness
- I am an American Citizen not just an American Consumer
- American Pyrotechnics Association – Industry Facts & Figures
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention – Emergency Department Visits
- Consumer Product Safety Commission – Fireworks Publication #12
- National Fire Protection Association – Fire Loss in the United States During 2011
- National Fire Protection Association – Fireworks
- USA.gov – Fourth of July is Independence Day
- Wikipedia – Fireworks